The First Folio of Shakespeare
The First Folio of Shakespeare is the first collection of Shakespeare's plays, produced seven years after Shakespeare's death in 1623. The title is Mr. William Shakespeare's Comedies, Histories & Tragedies, for the first time grouping his plays under the categories Comedy, History, and Tragedy. Without the First Folio, 18 plays would have been lost forever. This is because, prior to the publication of this book, of the 36 plays included in the First Folio, the following 18 had never been published.
Among other things, the title page of the First Folio contains an original portrait of Shakespeare, sculpted by artist Martin Droeshout. If you are curious about Shakespeare's real appearance, you can know it by looking at the portrait in this book.
This book is a compilation of his plays by his friends and former colleagues John Heminge and Henry Condell, who are also partners in the King's Men acting company.
Heminge and Condell worked with Shakespeare for several years and, like him, were actors and shareholders in the King's Men. At the time of First Folio, Heminge was the company's business manager.
The book was published by a London syndicate headed by Edward Blount and Isaac Jaggard.
A folio is a large book made of printed paper folded in half, with each sheet having four pages. This format is usually reserved for history, religion, and other important subjects. The First Folio was the first folio published in England exclusively for theatrical use.
Also, playwrights of Shakespeare's time often collaborated. Some scholars have argued that Shakespeare also worked on certain other plays.
title page and poem
These two pages contain the poem "To the Reader" by Shakespeare's fellow playwright and friendly rival, Ben Johnson. Jonson writes about the portrait of Shakespeare engraved on the title page, noting that it can only show Shakespeare and not "his wit". He advises readers who want to know Shakespeare to "look at his books, not his pictures."
On the title page, the name "Shakespeare" is as large as a line of type. The full title of the First Folio includes three categories in which the First Folio divides plays: Mr. Includes William Shakespeare Comedies, Tragedies, & Histories.
“Sweet Swan of Avon”
In addition to the short verse that appears next to the title page, Ben Jonson wrote another poem for the First Folio. The second page of the poem shown here famously describes Shakespeare as "the sweet swan of Avon".
In the First Folio, Heminge and Condell first classified Shakespeare's plays into three categories: comedy, history, and tragedy.
list of actors
The 26 actors listed here were the first to embody Shakespeare's plays on stage, including Shakespeare himself. Since women did not appear on stage, both male and female roles were played by men and boys.
Myungja Anna Koh