Trypophobia and Art
Trypophobia is a symptom of aversion to specific repeated patterns. Although it is known that 16% of the world's population has it, it is not yet listed in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders. It is also called cluster phobia.
When people see this type of cluster, they experience symptoms of disgust or fear.
Individually, I am also an artist with Trypophobia. So, unfortunately, I can not paint such the circular dot patterns even in my paintings because I am afraid of myself. While writing this post, it is common to upload a sample photo, for example, but I couldn't upload it because that action causes symptoms.
I can't endure to see small, irregular circles, oddly patterned, clustered, embossed, and full of depth—just seeing such an image for the first time causes goosebumps, the first reaction. And I have a headache and feel nauseous. Lastly, I feel dizzy, and my whole body shakes. Since I have lived with these symptoms for a long time, I know how to subside.
Once I feel the fear, I take a long deep breath. And press firmly on both sides of the forehead with both hands. At the same time, I close my eyes and practice or imagine shaking off the image. Then, repeatedly, I think of an idea that I like and think is beautiful. And when the symptoms are relieved to some extent, drink warm tea to relax. It's very cumbersome, but it's pretty helpful.
But not all archetypes in the world are afraid. For example, I like dotted umbrellas, polka clothes, curtains, and bedding. A regular, predictable pattern like this is fine. It's also okay to look at tangerines or strawberries. There seems to be a specific pattern of fear I feel.
That's why I sometimes suffered when I saw works that dealt with so many holes or circles among other works. Oh! It's a very inconsiderate piece of work. Perhaps the artist was unaware of the existence of trypophobia.
However, there is an artist who overcame this phobia with art. She was born in Japan, and her name is Yayoi Kusama, a contemporary artist. Her works are often found in public buildings or exhibition halls.
She undertook an gloomy childhood under her obsessive and strick mother's control. Consequently, she suffered from delirium, in which all objects in the world appeared as dots.
After studying Japanese painting, Kusama moved to the United States at 27. She has been active in various fields such as pop art, installation art, and performance. Since then, he has created installation works based on his experiences with hallucinations, where walls and ceilings are covered with dots. She wanted to escape from the fear of the countless dots that surrounded her, and in order to overcome it, she drew the countless dots that flowed through the wall in fantasy and made them into her artworks one by one.
Perhaps that's why her works seem to feel the regular screams of numerous dots and the will to overcome them. I find her work strangely not intimidating. No matter how many and irregular the dots are, they do not lead to symptoms.
I think it's because we recombined the patterns that cause fear and are overcoming them. I also close my eyes to get rid of the fear when Trypophobia comes, and I imagine destroying the patterns I saw as if I were playing a galaxy game. The works of people who have healed their own pain and fundamental problems through their works do not cause pain to others. Instead, you will be freed from the fear and pain and be healed together when you see such a work. That is the net function of art.
Looking at the digital image from various angles
If you use Photoshop to create digital images, you will realize that graphic editors like Photoshop are also making progress. Photoshop is the complete image editing program we can find. Photoshop is now evolving by combining artificial intelligence functions. For example, a working environment known as a neural filter is six much more advanced "beta" filters that can handle all kinds of wonders, such as changing the facial features of an image. For example, the Smart Portrait Filter lets you close your eyes, change the direction of your gaze, move your head, and smile.
The realm that image editors such as Photoshop can show is already ahead of the human eye and visual domain.
I also recently completed a digital image called "Return", a 2D digital image.
Additionally I can look into this image three-dimensionally using the 3D Panorama function of Photoshop.
It is even surprising that it is possible to see three-dimensionally in this way. In this way, with the development of editors, creating digital images is more challenging and exciting.
When I was in Germany, in Karlsruhe, the city where I lived, there was a famous modern video art museum called ZKM. It has always been a place to showcase the most current and enterprising art with the latest technology. I got used to go there often to see the exhibits. In particular, there were works by Nam June Paik, was a Korean American artist and a famous video art artist, so I often stopped by to get some motivation and ideas from his video arts. He worked with a variety of media and is considered to be the founder of video art. He is credited with the first use of the term "electronic superhighway" to describe the future of telecommunications.
The peculiarity of his works is that many works embody a single object by connecting multiple televisions like this. A long time ago, Nam June Paik may have foreseen the media world like today. These genius pioneers are always ahead of their time. As if his prediction was correct, most video art now follows his way. Due to the technical limitations of that time, it could only be implemented with a television, so his works are gradually losing their light with the battery expiration. However, his ideas and creativity lead to one trend: video art.
Showing like this means a lot. The artist who looked at the 3D world from the 2D world must have been frustrated with the limitations of the 2D material. Even in an era when it was not free to do simulations like now or freely co-work with people with new technologies, some people had such dreams.
I also draw to show the dream, but I am well aware that this is impossible in reality. So I think, ponder, and try little by little every day. It is as if a child is constantly thinking of play.
The Cloud Collector's handbook by Gavin Pretor-Pinney.
As a child, the most precious habit in my daily routine was to look up at the sky. I lived in a house between buildings. I could see the clouds passing through the buildings when I came out. I was so happy to see the clouds passing swiftly through the desolate concrete structures as if they were drawn together, as if they were unraveling each white thread as if they were painting a picture. And when I became a painter and painted, I remember the joy and wonder of that time. I often do not want to miss such a beautiful sky, so I take it on camera.
Recently, when I saw a rainbow that was turned upside down, I wanted to know the name of the rainbow, so I read a book. The book was a gift from a friend of my son. the title is "The cloud collector's handbook".
The book's author, Gavin Pretor-Pinney, is the founder of the Cloud Appreciation Society, which has more than 47,000 members in 120 countries, and was founded to fight the banality of the 'blue sky thinking'.
"To fight the banality of the 'blue sky thinking' ", I like his idea and motivation. Because this kind of thinking is directly connected to art.
I have seen the same unusual rainbow 3 times this year. It was an upside-down rainbow, a rainbow I had never seen before.
My child saw this rainbow and said, "Mom! Rainbow is smiling" and gave it the name Smile Rainbow.
Through this book, I learned that the name of the rainbow is Circumzenithal Arc and it's phenomenon.
The circumzenithal arc is a holo phenomenon that appears like a multicolored smile in the sky. It look as if some fool's got a rainbow snap upside down, but this bow of colors actually appears in a totally different part of the sky from rainbows. On the 25 or so times a year that it appears, it forms high up in the sky, like the fragment closest to the sun of a circle around the zenith. (excerpt by the book)
This fun and useful book features gorgeous full-color photographs that showcase a new type of cloud on every spread, from fluffy cumulus to the super rare horseshoe vortex to the wispy noctilucent clouds that hang at the fringes of space.
If there are people who have lost interest in looking at and observing the sky because of the stereotypical prejudice of blue sky, this book will give them a lot of interest in knowing how many different sky and clouds exist and how they are made.
Also, it would be good to visit the Cloud Appreciation Society founded by Gavin Pretor-Pinney, who compiled this book against prejudice against the banal blue sky.
About NFT, non fungible token
“Non fungible” more or less means that it's unique and can't be replaced with something else. In contrast, “fungible” would be something you own and could trade with something that is exactly the same.
Go Back In Time Around 2009, when I first encountered the definition of Bitcoin up close in real life. Bitcoin is a decentralized digital currency, without a central bank or single administrator, that can be sent from user to user on the peer-to-peer bitcoin network without the need for intermediaries. At that time, the image of Bitcoin was between investment and speculation. It was sometimes explained with the concepts of black money or money laundry, so it was an unknown currency to the public. I thought of your Bitcoin as something out of the ordinary, but like a lottery ticket for the lucky ones. At that time, I received an offer for Bitcoin from a visitor. What if I could sell my paintings for Bitcoin? Perhaps my future would have been a little different if I had sold my paintings in Bitcoin. As far as I know, many people have had a lot of opportunities just passed by, like in my case.
Now, Bitcoin is quite well known, and it is sometimes invested as a financial product. It is a familiar story that always comes up when people are interested in personal finance and investments.
And nowadays, the hot topic of 2021 has been moved to NFT. It also means that interest in digital images and digital copyrights has increased among the people. Since I am doing digital artwork, I am even very concerned about this concept of NFT. Ultimately, I want the original image I created to be traceable and valuable. And I hope the people who buy my digital works will benefit more over time. NFT is equipped with a blockchain-based built-in scarcity value and verification system in the digital image in line with this concept.
When you buy an NFT, the person who buys it owns the "real" original file. The more this digital content is consumed and famous, the more value the original owner gets.
Traditionally, once work is physically sold in the art world, the artist no longer has revenue from future sales. That's it. However, if you sell digital files via NFT, you will continue to make money after the first transaction. As the original creator of a digital asset, you receive a discount on all future sales of that NFT.
The concept is similar to royalty, with the main difference being that NFTs can be automatically tracked and reconciled using a blockchain that does not require a third party. With NFT, these royalties are automatically collected and distributed to all sales via a decentralized blockchain.
Ultimately, NFTs allow digital artists to create scarcity for their creations, track future sales of those works, and share the future value created.
An NFT is like its digital equivalent. In other words, with NFT, the blockchain acts as a built-in verification system that can instantly trace an item to its origin. Because NFT can create digital scarcity, they can satisfy the collector's desire for the files. It can also be used as a store of value that potentially grows over time.
This collection of 5,000 images is the most expensive NFT Sold. This digital art piece is called EVERYDAYS: THE FIRST 5000 DAYS and was created by artist Mike Winkelmann, also known as Beeple. Everydays sold for $69.3 million on March 11, 2021.
Criticism of the NFT is not uncommon. No matter how “original” they are, digital files are just data in the computer. The Conversation, a non-profit academic media, pointed out that “NFT works are ‘consensual hallucinations,’ and they work because of the mutual hallucination of scarcity.” The media said of buying an NFT work even though you can make a copy of the original, saying, "You're just paying for the aura of authenticity, and the ability to sell that aura to others." There is also the view that the popularity of NFTs has been overestimated in the first place.
Are you ready to compete with A.I?
Now, the future of traveling to Mars is no surprise. Auto pilot driving cars are running on the roads with your manual vehicle, and individuals can even travel to space. Artificial intelligence-based computer technology has advanced dramatically and is now threatening human lives and job positions.
Artificial intelligence is intelligence demonstrated by machines, as opposed to natural intelligence displayed by humans. Ai-Da is a humanoid robot credited with being the world's first ultra-realistic robot artist. Completed in 2019, Ai-Da is an artificial intelligence robot that makes drawings, painting, and sculptures. She is named after Ada Lovelace.
Aida, an artificial intelligence artist, looks like a mid-level painter. Aida made her debut as a painter in the UK in 2019. Aida's eyes observe objects with a camera, built-in computer software envisions the work, and the robot's hands are bionically designed to hold a brush and draw a picture. It is characterized by being able to draw people or objects as they appear. The process calculates the path according to the algorithm and then interprets the coordinates to create the work. Only Aida knows what kind of picture she is drawing. . Additionally, Aida can not only draw what it looks like, but also answer simple questions from customers.
Aida's first exhibition under the theme of 'Unsecured Future' earned more than $1 million (about KRW 1.1 billion) in auction revenue last year, and after a successful conclusion, the second exhibition was held at the Design Museum in London, England, in May of this year. opened.
In the field of art and all fields, we will have to find a way to survive the competition with artificial intelligence. Above all, even in art, where intuition and creativity are the basics, it is surprising that artificial intelligence has learned its methods and algorithms and continues to develop. Then, how can we distinguish between a painting drawn by an artist and a painting drawn by artificial intelligence? When painter's implement a picture through digital art or photography, what will create the boundary between artworks and a simple copied image? It shows that it is time for painters to look back on their own with what art is.
As a painter, when I research about the artificial intelligence, I first see their works. And afterwards, I response immediately "Wow! It's well-drawn. I have a feeling that Ai drew similarly like a human". However, I realized at the same time that it is useless evaluate with only compliments.
If there is no emotion conveyed through the picture, it is not real artworks. Suppose you do not feel any feelings such as loneliness, joy, happiness, sadness, or depression through a painting. In that case, it will be treated as if it were drawn by a machine, no matter how much a human drawing is. Above all, you have set a more dangerous path if you have copied someone's technique and style without your personality. A painting should reveal the artist's personality and unique attributes, just like a digitally drawn or manual sign. So it may be that I am insisting on my own technique and my own feeling. If the artist's personality, the weight of life, and the emotions he wants to convey are not revealed through the work, the boundaries between what is an artificial work and what is a human work will be blurred. In the future, artificial intelligence will continue to develop further. Perhaps someday, it will surpass human skill and art style. When faced with such a reality, I wish I could say that what humans draw is more comforting.
For this reason, I am very happy when the exhibition is over, and the curators and visitors say, "Anna, your paintings are very different!". "It's different," that is, it's not that You're not good at drawing or good at drawing, but that's what you drew exactly. I love that word. That's the best compliment.
I wish my drawing were like my autograph or signature. I hope that works like my alter ego can convey the feeling I want to share. That is the ultimate direction in which I work.
No matter how advanced artificial intelligence is, it will not keep up with the personality that is recorded moment by moment in life. Just like the crows from "borrows plum" in Aesop's fables can be packed and fancy, but they do not have the black properties of a crow when painters realize their actual unique properties, they will be able to find a key that can surpass artificial intelligence.
Myungja Anna Koh