Civics(History and Government) Questions for the Naturalization Test
B. System of Government
B. System of Government
13. Name one branch or part of the government. Congress, Legislative, President, Executive, the courts, judicial
Legislative—Makes laws (Congress, comprised of the House of Representatives and Senate)
Executive—Carries out laws (president, vice president, Cabinet, most federal agencies)
Judicial—Evaluates laws (Supreme Court and other courts)
14. What stops one branch of government from becoming too powerful? checks and balances, separation of powers
15. Who is in charge of the executive branch? President
16. Who makes federal laws? Congress, Senate and House(of Representatives), (U.S. or National) legislature
17. What are the two parts of the U.S.Congres? the Senate and House of Representatives.
18. How many U.S.Senators are there? 100
19. We elect a U.S.Senator for how many years. 6
20. Who is one of your state's U.S.Senators now? (base on my location, New York. Answers will vary) New York's current U.S. senators are Democrats Chuck Schumer (serving since 1999, also serving as Senate Democratic Leader since 2017) and Kirsten Gillibrand (serving since 2009).
21. The House of Representatives has how many voting members? 435
22. We elect a U.S.Representatives how many years? 2
23. Name your U.S.Representative. (Answers will vary, base on my location, New York.
U.S. House of Representatives of New York.
The delegation has a total of 27 members, including 19 Democrats and 8 Republicans.
24. Who does a U.S.Senator represent? all people of the state.
A U.S. senator represents all the people in a state. Each state has two senators. Every citizen who is over 18 and living in a state can vote for both senators from that state.
25. Why do some states have more Representatives than other states? because of the state's population, they have more people, some states have more people.
26. We elect a President for how many years? 4
27. In what month do we vote for President? November
28. What is the name of the President of the United States now?
29. What is the name of the Vice President of the United States now? Kamala Harris
30. If the President can no longer serve, who becomes President? The Vice President
31. If both the President and the Vice President can no longer serve, who becomes President? The Speaker of the House.
32. Who is the Commander in Chief of the military? the President
Article II Section 2 of the U.S. Constitution, the Commander in Chief clause, states that "The President shall be Commander in Chief of the Army and Navy of the United States, and of the Militia of the several States, when called into the actual Service of the United States."
33. Who signs bills to become laws? the President
34. Who vetoes bills? The President.
The president has veto power. This means that the president can reject a bill passed by Congress.
35. What does the President's Cabinet do? advises the President.
36. What are two Cabinet-level positions? Secretary of Agriculture, Commerce, Defense, Education, Energy, Health and Human Services, Homeland Security, Housing and Urban Development, the Interior, Labor, State, Transportation, the Treasury, Veterans Affairs, /Attorney General, Vice President.
37. What does the judicial branch do? review and explains laws, resolves disputes(disagreements), decides if a law goes against the Constitution.
38. What is the highest court in the United States> The supreme Court
39. How many justices are on the Supreme Court? 9
40. Who is the Chief Justice of the United States now? John Roberts
41. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the federal government. What is one power of the federal government? to print money, to declare war, to create an army, to make treaties.
42. Under our Constitution, some powers belong to the states. What is one power of the states? provide schooling and education, protection(police), safety(fire departments)/ give a driver's license, approve zoning and land use.
43. Who is the Governor of your sate now? Answers will vary, based on my location, New York. Kathy Hochul
44. What is the capital of your state? Answers will vary, based on my location, New York.
Albany, New York
45. What are the two major political parties in the United States? Democratic and Republican.
46. What is the political party of the President now? Democratic
47. What is the name of the Speaker of the House of Representatives now? Nancy Pelosi
Myungja Anna Koh